Tag Archives: Mobility

Inequality, Intergenerational Mobility of Women Educational Attainment and Inclusive Policies

Intergenerational educational mobility refers to the extent to which education attainments are able to change across generations. If there were no intergenerational mobility in education, at all (that is, the intergenerational education elasticity is equal to 1), all poor children would become poor adults and all rich children would become rich adults assuming that higher levels of education lead to higher incomes. In the case of complete intergenerational mobility (the intergenerational education elasticity is close to zero), there would be no relationship between family background and the adult education outcomes. While education inequality can be thought of as an indicator of equality of outcome, the intergenerational education mobility indicator can be thought of as an indicator of equality of opportunity.

This paper emphasizes the status of women through the assessment of their intergenerational mobility and inequality in educational attainment in Arab countries. This is based on Barro-Lee per country aggregated annual data (1950-2010) on school attainment. Besides the gains from an extensive literature, the attained results show recent higher trends in education mobility with lower but persistent gender and female inequalities.

Also, intergenerational educational mobility is higher compared the ones assessed over most Eastern and Central European Economies (ECE). This appears also when estimating inequalities and intergenerational mobility for males and females by educational level. Arab countries have been experiencing an increasing trend of educational attainments that are higher most of the time for males than for females. Even with decreasing inequalities, lower equality is observed for females. In addition, an increasing intergenerational mobility is established. But, when related to inequalities, variations between Arab countries show high discrepancies. This implies that the social ladder of social mobility might be less operational than in the past with increasingly highly educated potential job seekers. The Gatsby curves confirm these results over most Arab countries but show their limited use for ECE economies.

Vol 9: The Socio-Economic Impact of Migration Flows- Springer

Migration_ArtalAnother group of research reports funded by FEMISE, through the European Commission grant, have been the subject of a new edited volume. Published Under the title of : “The Socio-Economic Impact of Migration Flows- Springer”, the volume that is edited by Andres Artal-Tur, Giovanni Peri and Francisco Requena-Silvente is considered a new contribution to the knowledge about issues related to migration.

The volume is a value added because:

  • The migration topics are covered from both a theoretical and empirical view
  • It includes recent developments in the field and utilises the latest research methodologies
  • Notable policy focus and guidelines in all chapters
  • Though globalisation of the world economy is currently a powerful force, people’s international mobility appears to still be very limited. The goal of this book is to improve our knowledge of the true effects of migration flows. It includes contributions by prominent academic researchers analysing the socio-economic impact of migration in a variety of contexts: interconnection of people and trade flows, causes and consequences of capital remittances, understanding the macroeconomic impact of migration, and the labour market effects of people’s flows. The latest analytical methodologies are employed in all chapters, while interesting policy guidelines emerge from the investigations. The style of the volume makes it accessible for both non-experts and advanced readers interested in this hot topic of today’s world.

Downland the table of contents, preface and acknowledgement (in pdf)

To read more or to order the book (please follow links to Springer website)

2010 Euromed Report: The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership at Crossroads

an-2010gbFEMISE has released its latest report on the Euromediterranean Partnership and the situation of the Mediterranean countries. The subject of this year’s report is focused on the factors circulation and human mobility.

To address these issues, this first part of the report is organized in 4 main chapters: (i) The first chapter aims to determine the effect and the remaining potential of the free trade area that was to be established in the framework of Barcelona process; (ii) The second chapter details the state of the capital flow mobility in the region, as well as its impact, especially in terms of volatility; (iii) The third chapter is devoted to give an overview of the current level of labour mobility in the Euromed region and some reflexion on the possibility of enhancing potential benefits; (iv) the fourth chapter proposes an overview of the human development in the Euromed region, with emphasis on the poverty and the level and determinants of inequalities.

In the second part, the report addresses the current situation of the south Mediterranean economies concerned, country by country.

Download the English version of the Report (271 pages – 4,8 Mo)

The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership at Crossroads
Table of Contents


Part one

Chapter 1. Impact of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership 15 Years after Barcelona: What Do we Know ? What Can be done?

I. Main characteristics of the EU-MPs trade patterns since 1995

II. Quantitative assessments of the Euromed agreements : a survey and critical analysis

Chapter 2. Capital Flows In The Euro-Med Region

I. Introduction

II.Trends in Capital Flows in the MPs: 2004-2009

III. Capital Flows Impact, Volatility, and Contribution to Investment and Debt

IV. Policy Recommendations

Chapter 3. Mobility of Labour in the EU-Med: Potentials vs Constraints?


I. Mobility across the Mediterranean: Labour and Remittances

II. Impediments to a beneficiary migration process in the EU-Med region

III.Achieving the Potential benefits of Migration in the EU-Med: How?

Chapter 4: Review of poverty in the MPCs

I. Survey of poverty and human development in the Mediterranean region

II. Link between growth, inequalities and poverty in the region

III. The determining factors of inequalities in Mediterranean countries:

study of the role of sources of income, employment and commercial opening

IV. Conclusion


Part two – Detailed situation in MPs : country sheets