Gender Inequalities on the Labour Market in North Africa (report FEM44-04)

FEM44-04 | September 2019


« Gender Inequalities on the Labour Market in North Africa (report FEM44-04) »


Hassiba Gherbi; Philippe Adair; Amina Benhaddad; Razika Medjoub; Nacer-Eddine Hammouda


(ERUDITE, Université Paris-Est Créteil, France); (CREAD, Algeria)

Note :

This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union within the context of the EU-FEMISE project “Support to economic research, studies and dialogue of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership”.. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.

Summary :

The paper designs a pooled sample of almost 3,027 active people from the Sahwa dataset
using a common questionnaire carried out in 2015 among 7,816 Algerian, Egyptian,
Moroccan and Tunisian youth aged 15 to 29. The research question is the determinants of
youth employment, more specifically youth gender inequalities in North Africa with respect
to the formal/informal segmentation. A binary logistic model first investigates these
determinants of access to the formal and informal labour market segments. Next, a Mincer
earnings function focuses upon gender distribution over the formal/informal employment
divide. Quantile regressions highlight the patterns of wage distribution according to gender
wage differentials and labour market segmentation. Last, an Oaxaca-Ransom decomposition
model gauges the gender wage gap, which remains mostly unexplained. Conclusion recaps
key findings and points out the limited scope of this report.