“Renewable Energy Development Strategies in the MENA Region” (Report FEM43-04)

FEM43-04 | September 2019


« "Renewable Energy Development Strategies in the MENA Region" (Report FEM43-04) »


Myriam BEN SAAD (LEAD, University of Toulon, France); Amandine GNONLONFIN (LEAD, University of Toulon, France); Naceur KHRAIEF (Université de Sousse, Tunisia); Michel DIMOU (LEAD, University of Toulon, France)


LEAD, University of Toulon, France; Université de Sousse, Tunisia

Note :

This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union within the context of the EU-FEMISE project “Support to economic research, studies and dialogue of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership”.. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.

Summary :

This work explores the question of the dynamic link between the development of renewable energies and growth. The main results of this work can be summarized as follows. First, the results show that efforts to develop renewable electricity generation must be supported in the short term because the relationship between renewable electricity production and GDP per capita is asymmetrical. In this case Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Turkey are concerned by this strategy which will enable them to increase well-being in the long term. Second, the current level of renewable electricity generation in Tunisia and Israel is low enough to have a significant effect on welfare. Both countries must therefore continue their efforts to produce renewable electricity in order to reach levels that allow them to have an impact on well-being. Thirdly, Iran and Lebanon are in a strategy that has a negative impact on welfare, namely hydroelectric power generation. They must try to develop other sources of energy by exploiting their potential in wind and solar energy.